|Aging Phenotype||Life-span extension|
|Description||Exposure of horn fly pupae to 4 degrees C for 1 week extended life-span by approximately 20% compared to controls (17.6 days vs. 14.7 days) (Jones and Kunz, 1998).|
Exposure to cold stress for 2, 3, or 4 weeks resulted in a significant shortening of life-span.
|Other Phenotypes||Reproductive rates varied inversely with low-temperature exposure duration, as did F1 generation egg hatch, larval development, and adult emergence (Jones and Kunz, 1998).|
|Primary Reference||Jones, S. R., and Kunz, S. E. (1998). Effects of cold stress on survival and reproduction of Haematobia irritans (Diptera: Muscidae). J Med Entomol 35, 725-31. [Abstract]|
|Keywords||temperature, reproduction, thermotolerance|